Extraction and Bone Grafting
Dental extraction is simply a fancy word for pulling a tooth. There are several reasons why a person may need to have one of their permanent teeth removed. Often times a tooth needs to be removed because it has been too badly damaged, from trauma or decay.
However, a tooth may also need to be removed if a mouth is overcrowded prior to orthodontic treatment.
Before pulling a tooth, your dentist will apply an injection of local anesthetic to numb the area where the tooth will be removed. If you are having multiple teeth removed your dentist may use a strong general anesthetic. This will prevent discomfort or pain throughout the procedure and ease any anxiety.
Your dentist will then cut away the gum and bone tissue that covers the tooth. Next, he or she will use forceps to gently rock the tooth back and forth to loosen it up. Finally the tooth will be pulled up and a clot will form in the remaining socket.
Your dentist will then pack gauze into the socket and have the patient bite down to stop any bleeding. You may need to avoid solid food for some time following the procedure.
The term “bone grafting” may sound terrifying, but the procedure is nothing to fear. Bone grafting procedures are performed when a patient has lost a tooth or multiple teeth. Your jaw bone is what holds your teeth in place and the roots of your teeth are attached to your jaw bone.
If a patient is missing a tooth they will require a replacement in the form of a bridge or dental implant. That’s where bone grafting comes in. If a dentist tries to place a bridge or implant in a spot where the natural bone and gum tissue is much lower than the surrounding areas, it will be inconsistent with the rest of the mouth.
There are several degrees of bone grafting procedures but all involve the packing of granulated bone or bone-like material being packed into the missing tooth’s socket. The granules are then covered with a protective membrane and stiches are required to close the tooth socket.
The longer that a tooth has been missing the longer a patient will need to recover from the procedure. If you have been missing teeth for a very long time then you may require an intense procedure where bone is taken from different parts of the body to form a new jaw bone.