Crowns and Bridges
At Canyon Trails we offer both crowns and bridges to improve your smile and comfort. Both are fixed prosthetic devices that are permanent unlike removable devices like dentures.
A crown is used to cover or cap a damaged or malformed tooth to improve aesthetic shape and alignment. Crowns are also used with dental implants to provide proper tooth shape for eating and speaking functions.
Crowns can be made from several different materials including metal, porcelain, and ceramic. Ceramic crowns in particular may be matched to the color of a patient’s natural teeth. Gold and metal alloys are typically stronger than porcelain and may be recommended for back teeth.
Your dentist may recommend a crown for several reasons:
- To replace a large filling when there isn’t enough tooth remaining
- To protect a decaying, weak tooth from fracturing
- To restore a fractured tooth
- To attach a bridge
- To cover dental implants
- To cover a tooth after a root canal treatment
- To cover a discolored or misshapen tooth
If you are missing one or more teeth, your dentist may recommend a bridge. Gaps left by missing teeth can cause your remaining teeth to rotate or shift into the empty space, which may affect your bite.
Additionally, if missing teeth go untreated for an extended period of time, patients may need to undergo bone grafting procedures. Missing teeth can also put patients at a higher risk for gum disease and temporomandibular joint disorders.
Bridges span the space where one or more teeth are missing. Bridges are cemented to the natural teeth or implants surrounding the empty space. These teeth, called abutments, serve as anchors for the bridge.
Before a crown or a bridge can be fabricated, the teeth must be reduced in size so that the crown or bridge will fit properly over the tooth and look natural. Next, your dentist will make an impression of your teeth to construct an exact mold for the crown or bridge.
If using porcelain your dentist will determine the correct shade for the crown or bridge to match the color of your teeth.
A temporary bridge or crown is then used to cover the prepared tooth while the permanent crown or bridge is being made. When the permanent crown is finished, the temporary crown or bridge is removed and the new crown is cemented on the tooth or teeth.
Crowns and bridges, if taken proper care of, can last a lifetime. Consult your dentist about your options during your next visit!